Why does Kiev need Dnipro

The inhabitants of the capital perceive the Dnipro as a kind of highway, an obstacle that must be overcome on the way to and from work. In Kiev, there are almost no promenades with an approach to the water. The water surface is no longer covered with white sails, as in old photographs. What is a big river in a big city?

The river for the city is life: 90% of drinking water, work of power plants, transport artery, industrial production and, of course, rest.

Today Dnipro is in a satisfactory condition. Although, it was given the third category and blue-green algae blossom every year more and more. But in Gosvodoagentstvo, the Institute of Hydrobiology of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine and in “Kievvodokanal” they say that the water purity is normal. However, there are changes in the life of the river.

The Major Construction

60 years ago, the Dnipro along Kiev was noticeably narrower, and the beach edge on Trukhanov Island was wider. After the construction of the Kanev reservoir, the course of the Dnipro slowed down.

Why swimming is “not recommended”

Yellow or red flags on the beaches – it’s not a sentence to the river or pond. “The beaches are closed due to the lack of sanitary facilities on them. Plus, the culture of our people results in a major amount of organic matter entering the water, causing bacterial contamination development, “says Vladimir Shcherbak, leading researcher at the Institute of Hydrobiology of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine.

Unfortunately, the city’s leaders today view the river’s banks as a construction site, and not as a resting place. “According to the water code, the sanitary zone along the large reservoirs is 100 m from the bank. But in the settlements the rules of the development of the banks are regulated by the community itself and it is responsible for the consequences,” says the head of the State Agency water resources of Ukraine Irina Ovcharenko.

In Kiev, of course, this rule is not observed. But the hidden threat is not even in the big productions, but in the small ones: garage and dacha cooperatives, gas stations and cafes that do not join the sewer infrastructure, but simply cut into rainwater runoff. And all this is uncontaminated stream falls into the river.

What is really bad: the Dnipro blossoms more and more. In “Kievvodokanal” it was calculated that the amount of blue-green algae has more than tripled over the past four years. As a result, the company began using more chlorine. In the river itself, because of the algae, there is less oxygen, the fish dies, swimming becomes dangerous.

In European cities and especially in France they implement an interesting method. Drinking water intake is placed below the city downstream, and the discharge of purified water into the same river is located higher. It turns out that the towns inhabitants drink what they are dumping into the water. As a result of such incentive measures and millions of investments into the River Thames, which was poisonous forty years ago, salmon are now found.

“The Bortnichi waste water utility station was built in the early 1960s. And worldwide up to 2000 different substances are synthesized every year. Not all of them get into the water. But the spectrum of pollution is very different. And, naturally, there must be modernization, new systems of water treatment and water treatment, “the hydrobiologist believes.

“In Kiev, the shore is for cars. Grinded off  water edge was the only flat place where it was possible to build roads without extra costs, – explains the project coordinator in the Urban Council of Kiev Grigory Melnichuk. – Three hundred years ago the current port was to some extent promenastic: small boats, wives meeting fishermen, and their houses nearby. Gradually, modernization was underway, large cranes appeared, and the territory became inaccessible.”

The way out is to remove the port from the city, and to build up its territory with housing, quays and embankment for walks with access to the water, the urbanist believes. “The port needs good logistics and does not require a lot of people to service it.”adds Grigory Melnichuk.

Another golden fund of the capital are islands. Now they are mothballed or beaches with cafes and restaurants are occupying them. But potentially they could be an extensive recreational area with spa, hotels or holiday homes, with bicycle bridges between them and the right and left banks of Kiev. Then the Dnieper would have acquired a completely different meaning for the city.

Biologists and managers from the sphere of water resources are sure that Dnipro can become cleaner. Vladimir Shcherbak believes in people and believes that, although slowly, they become more conscious.

Yes, and you need to learn a little:

1) choose non-phosphate detergents;

2) leave a clean territory after a picnic and rest;

3) not to wash cars, carpets and other useful household things in the shore or in the pond.

In “Kievvodokanal” they say that our neighbors along the state border should become also conscious: we receive dirty water from them. Five years ago, there was a concept for the protection of a transboundary river prepared, however, it was not signed.

It will be necessary for the people of Kiev to take care of their own river. Irina Ovcharenko summarizes: “If you hypothetically imagine that the rivers have stopped and the water is not being renewed, then they would have become poison from the sewage from the communal sphere, industry and agriculture in just one week”. And while the Dnieper has only a third degree – a borderline, the fourth means that the water cannot be used for drinking in principle.

source: https://bigkiev.com.ua/content/zachem-kievu-dnepr

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